MARCH – This month in history
March 1, 1781 Formal ratification of the Articles of Confederation was announced by Congress. Under the Articles, Congress was the sole governing body of the new American national government, consisting of the 13 original states. The Articles remained in effect through the Revolutionary War until 1789, when the current U.S. Constitution was adopted.
March 2, 1793 American soldier and politician Sam Houston (1793-1863) was born in Rockbridge County, Virginia.
March 2, 1943 During World War II in the Pacific, a Japanese convoy was attacked by 137 American bombers as the Battle of Bismarck Sea began.
March 4, 1747 Revolutionary war hero Casimir Pulaski (1747-1779) was born in Poland. Before aiding in the American Revolution, he was a military leader in Poland’s struggle against Imperial Russia.
March 5, 1770 The Boston Massacre occurred as a group of rowdy Americans harassed British soldiers who then opened fire, killing five and injuring six.
March 6, 1836 Fort Alamo fell to Mexican troops led by General Santa Anna. The Mexicans had begun the siege of the Texas fort on February 23rd.
March 8, 1863 During the American Civil War, under the leadership of Confederate Colonel John Mosby, Mosby’s Raiders slipped into Yankee controlled Fairfax Court House in the wee hours of the morning and captured 60 prisoners, including Brig. General Edwin H. Stoughton without firing a shot.
March 16, 1968 During the Vietnam War, the My Lai Massacre occurred as American soldiers of Charlie Company killed 504 Vietnamese men, women, and children. Twenty-five U.S. Army officers were later charged with complicity in the massacre and subsequent cover-up, but only one was convicted, and later pardoned by President Richard Nixon.
March 19, 2003 The United States, United Kingdom, Australia and Poland launched an attack against Iraq to topple dictator Saddam Hussein from power. This was the first stage of the Iraq War.
March 21, 1918 During World War I, the Second Battle of the Somme began as German General Erich von Ludendorff launched an all-out drive to win the war.
THANK YOU TO OUR DONORS
The Museum continues to receive donations to its collection. Each addition enhances the story of the Military experience of Greater Middletown and America.
A West Point graduate’s uniforms including his Jungle Camo Shirt/Pants, Jungle Boots, Fatigues, Blue Dress Uniform (BDU), Jump Boots, Blue Beret (101st Div), Maroon Beret (82nd Div), Black Beret (75th Inf. – Ranger). This soldier advanced to the rank of Major while serving in several Army units, including artillery. He was a paratrooper.
A private collection of over 30 Military books were added this month to our already extensive library of Military history books that cover the spectrum of America’s, Connecticut’s and Middletown’s history from the earliest colonial days to current day. You can research the names of Middletown residents who served in the Colony of Connecticut as early as 1678, or in the French and Indian War (1755-1762) or read the personal letters of several of Middletown area soldiers, including Pfc Maurice Patterson during World War I and World War II or Private Albert Leary written during World War II among others. Thanks to many donors the Museum has a considerable array of books on Warplanes and Ships, Uniforms and Patches, and Biographies. Curious about covert operations? We’ve got books on spies, including Middletown’s own Max Corvo, an Italian immigrant who was instrumental in setting up covert OSS operations in Italy prior to the US military landings in Sicily in 1943.
Naval Signal flags and a colorful array of submarine ships’ patches, most of which were subs launched from Connecticut’s Naval Submarine Base at New London in Groton, CT.